Area DSL outage – AT&T line cut (resolved)

As of Sunday morning, Feb. 18, most or all of our DSL customers are out of service.  Symptoms include the “Broadband”/”DSL” light on the modem being solid green as if the line was active, but the “Internet”/”Service” light on the modem being red, and no data getting through to the Internet.  We have reported the issue to our upstream provider and are attempting to learn further details.

DSL customers using competing providers such as AT&T also appear to be affected, perhaps throughout Nevada County.  Social media reports suggest that AT&T is reporting a cut fiber line impacting Placer, Nevada and Sierra counties; we have not been able to directly confirm this with AT&T yet.

We do not currently have an Estimated Time for Repair (ETR). However, historically, issues of this magnitude are typically repaired within 48 hours, often same-day.  This post will be updated as we learn more.

Update, 12:45pm: We have confirmed that customers are affected as far south as Lake of the Pines and as far north as Sierra City.  Alta Sierra, Penn Valley, Grass Valley, Nevada City, and North San Juan are of course within that outage zone.  Our Auburn customers appear unaffected.  Still no word from AT&T on an ETR.

Update, 9pm: Our affected customers appear to be back online within the past hour or two.

Update, 2/19: All outage issues are resolved. Please call our office at (530) 478-9822 if you are still experiencing trouble.

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Spiral office phone outage

As of this afternoon (Wednesday, Dec. 20), we are receiving reports that calling our main office number (530-478-9822) results in a busy signal. We have confirmed the issue and are working on the problem with our telephone provider.

In the meantime, local customers can also visit our office at 416 Broad St., Nevada City, for service/billing issues or sales inquiries, or simply go to our web contact form to let us know your issue. If you provide a contact number there, we will call you back promptly.

Edit, 2:40 PM: As the issue appears to be network-dependent (T-Mobile and some VOIP numbers can call us, but not Verizon or AT&T), it has been escalated to our upstream carrier. We do not currently have an ETR.  In the meantime, please use our web form to contact us, as above.

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Degradation in DNS resolution – name server down (resolved)

At about 4:30 p.m. Wednesday, Dec. 13, a routine reboot of one of our two DNS servers caused the server to lock up. We are actively working on restoring the server.

In the meantime, Spiral customers may notice some slowdowns in Internet usage.  DNS servers perform the function of translating domain names (like into the routing numbers that allow your computer to speak to those domains.  Requests to the downed server will fall back to the working server, but may result in delays in that lookup process.

Edit, 5:40 p.m.: Full functionality has been restored.

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Service degradation due to broader Internet issues

Today, Nov. 6, we’ve been getting scattered customer reports of difficulties accessing Spiral services. We have been impacted internally as well, with poor quality on our Voice Over IP phone lines and reduced connectivity to our Barracuda spam filtering server for inbound e-mail.

Today’s connectivity issues have been linked to nationwide outage reports by Internet backbone company Level3:

Mostly, the outages appeared to affect customers using Comcast cable internet, as Level3 is a primary provider of their backhaul.  However, due to the distributed nature of cloud computing services and Level3’s role as a major Internet fiber backbone, some issues (such as ours) affected even non-Comcast customers.

As of approximately noon PST, Nov. 6, most of the issues appeared to be resolved at Level3’s end, and all of our servers are operating normally.  We will continue to monitor the situation.

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Major vulnerability in wi-fi encryption announced

There has been a major stir this week with the announcement of the “KRACK Attacks” — an exploit against the WPA2 standard which secures the connections to virtually all wireless networks worldwide.  As this affects everyone who uses Wi-Fi for their Internet connection, including most of our customers, we have been looking into the issue.

The first rule, for now, is: don’t panic.  While the vulnerability will affect you, so far no malicious code has been released, and vendors are already working on patches to prevent future abuse.  The good news is that WPA2 itself remains secure — there’s just a trick which can force it to reuse encryption keys in ways that an attacker can exploit.  Both computer vendors and router vendors are at work on patches that prevent that reuse; if either the router or the connected computer is patched, the connection is safe.

The most important thing you can do in order to keep your Wi-Fi secure is to install the security updates put out for the operating system of your computers/phones/tablets.  (This is important because, even if you patch your own router, you want to make certain your devices are safe on other Wi-Fi networks.)  Microsoft has already released their patch.  Apple and Google are working on theirs and a fix should be released within a week or two.

Patching your wireless router is also a best practice moving forward — although the process of applying firmware updates from your router manufacturer is more difficult than just updating your computer’s OS.  The biggest benefit to updating your router is that it will provide protection to “Internet of Things” devices which may not receive security updates; if you are only using computers/phones/tablets which are patched, router patches will provide almost no additional protection.

Spiral does not sell standalone wireless routers.  However, some DSL modems that we sell do include wireless capabilities.  We are currently speaking with our vendors about firmware updates for those modems, and if Spiral sold you a wireless modem/router, we will be happy to assist you with upgrading it at the time that those patches become available.  Please call our office at (530) 478-9822, Ext. 1 for technical support, if you would like help with that process.

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E-mail/telephone issues

Due to a network connectivity issue at our Nevada City office, as of 11 AM Tuesday, Sept. 20, we are currently experiencing problems with inbound email for all Spiral customers.  Incoming messages are unable to reach our Barracuda spam filtering system, and therefore are not being delivered to customer mailboxes.

E-mail networks are designed to retry messages which failed to send, so at the time connectivity is restored, most or all of those backlogged messages should be retried and correctly delivered. Some messages (such as password reset emails) should be retried/resent when service is restored.

The network issue is also interfering with our ability to answer phone calls to our (530) 478-9822 office number.  Our voicemail system is working and we will respond to messages as soon as possible.

Our upstream provider has noted this as part of a regional outage and given us an ETA of 5 PM for repair.

Update, 1:30 PM:  The network is currently up and e-mail messages are passing through, but as we have already seen service return and then drop out again, we should still be presumed to be under potential outage conditions.

Update, 3:30 PM: As the network has been stable for several hours, we are returning to presumptively normal operation.

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Outbound mail delays/rejections

Early on Tuesday, Sept. 5, a compromised website on our shared hosting server began sending out high levels of spam which caused that server to be temporarily listed on e-mail spam blacklists.  The compromised website has been re-secured and we are in the process of removing the server from the blacklists.  In the meantime, outbound mail may be disrupted for customers with,, or custom domain e-mails.

Symptoms include messages not arriving at their destination (due to being queued for later sending after the blacklisting resolves), or sent mail being returned with an error stating that the message could not be delivered.

We anticipate full service being restored by the morning of Wednesday, Sept. 6.  In the meantime, failed e-mails can be resent from alternate addresses.

Our apologies for the inconvenience.  If you have further concerns, please give us a call at (530) 478-9822, Ext. 1 for customer support.

Edit, 1:00 PM Sept. 6: The Spamhaus/CBL blacklisting which caused the most problems has been removed, which should address most spam-blocks by the end of the day.

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Inbound email delivery issues (resolved)

As of early this morning, Aug. 23, many Spiral customers are either not receiving inbound e-mails or else receiving them after lengthy delays (over an hour).

This issue has been traced to our Barracuda spam filtering server.  It is correctly accepting inbound e-mail, but messages are remaining in the spam filtering queue rather than being passed through to their destination.  As of 10 a.m., this has been confirmed as a known issue with Barracuda and we have an open support ticket to resolve the issue.  We do not yet have an ETA for repair.

All inbound e-mail messages are being preserved — they are currently queued up on the Barracuda server, and will be delivered as normal after the spam filtering issues are addressed.

Our apologies for the e-mail delays. If you have any concerns, you can call our office at (530) 478-9822, Ext. 1 for customer support.

Edit: As of 12:30 p.m. Barracuda has cleared the issue and all backlogged e-mail has been delivered.

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Inbound email delays (resolved)

At approximately 9 a.m. today (May 3), some network issues at our Nevada City location caused our Barracuda e-mail filter to stop responding to inbound message delivery attempts.  This meant that outside messages for Spiral customers were queued for later delivery rather than getting through right away.

The network issue was resolved around noon, at which point there was a large backlog of undelivered mail.  The backlog took about an hour and a half to be processed.  At this point, all undelivered messages from earlier today should have been passed through to Spiral mailboxes correctly.

If you are still having issues with inbound mail not having shown up today, give our office a call at (530) 478-9822, Ext. 1 for customer support.

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AT&T strike will complicate DSL repairs

According to several media sources, 17,000 AT&T workers have walked off the job today to protest issues affecting technicians — including outsourcing, and being forced to do work outside their area of expertise.

We have confirmed this with AT&T directly, as they are now telling us that “maintenance ETRs have been delayed indefinitely” for newly reported DSL problems.  (Unfortunately, we also cannot guarantee whether or not AT&T will honor commitments for previously scheduled DSL repairs.)

The AT&T strike affects Spiral customers because our DSL service runs on the landline telephone infrastructure owned by AT&T.  When line-quality issues are reported to us, they must be referred to the phone company, who dispatches their own technicians.

The strike follows on the heels of complaints from elected officials statewide that AT&T is abandoning their landline phone network and skimping on maintenance.  California Public Utilities Commission data shows that every month for the past three years, AT&T has failed to meet state telephone quality standards — while 90% of reported outages are supposed to be repaired within 24 hours, AT&T only meets that 24-hour goal about half of the time.  (In Q4 2016, their average was 54%.)

This is one of the many reasons that we are moving forward with our fiber-optic network — where we will own the infrastructure ourselves, and be able to take accountability for its repair and maintenance, rather than relying on a bureaucracy that doesn’t care about the challenges of rural broadband access.  “Zone A” of our network has already received $16 million in grant funding from the CPUC, and we are taking preorders within that zone as we finalize our environmental impact reports and prepare to break ground.  (If you’re outside the zone, go take the survey to let us know where fiber is needed and wanted.)

In the meantime, we will provide the best service that we can to our DSL customers, given the limitations of degrading and unrepaired infrastructure.

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